Ransomware is the most dangerous form of virus or malware that restricts the access of your PC unless you pay a ransom to the attackers. When the virus attacks the PC, it makes system inaccessible for the users and forces them to pay an amount in the form of Bitcoins through the mentioned procedure to have the decryption key. The ransom which they ask from the users can be a small amount of money if you are lucky or can be hundreds and thousands of dollars as well depending on the attackers.
Ransomware attackers can choose their target victim as anyone from home computers to the corporate and even the government organizations. Mostly they target the authorized firms, big organizations, renowned government agencies to draw some good amount of cash.
Sources of Ransomware
Ransomware mainly enters through the following sources:-
- a) Opening or visiting suspicious links, websites, social networking pages, ads, etc.
- b) Email attachment from unknown senders which is also known as phishing spam. Most of these attachments come with in-built social networking tools to trick users for administrative access.
- c) A most dangerous form of Ransomware is Notpetya which is also a malware that directly exploits the security holes of the computer without having the need to trick users.
- d) Through malicious links used in instant messenger chats.
How to protect your PC from Ransomware
- Install Ransomware Blocker with Antivirus
For protecting PC from any kind of threats, it is recommended that you have an updated version of a paid Antivirus like Kaspersky, Norton Antivirus, Avast Antivirus, etc. But, only an antivirus is not sufficient to block high-end malware like Ransomware. For that along with antivirus, you also need a Ransomware Blocker. The best Ransomware blockers are Cybereason RansomFree and Malwarebytes Anti-Ransomware. Those who are looking for free Ransomware blocker can use these two. Those who are looking for an advanced paid model, Bitdefender Anti-Ransomware is the best solution.
Update your system security regularly
Windows users go to Control Panel and turn on the ‘Windows automatic updates’ if it is not enabled. Mac users need to visit System Preferences-> App Store and turn on the update settings from there. Regular update of the system is essential to make the Ransomware blockers along with antivirus function strongly.
Avoid unknown links
Don’t download software or applications from untrusted sources. Whenever you install any software, before giving the administrator privilege check if the source is a trusted one, what is the purpose and functionality of the software, its benefits, cons before installing it. Also, don’t click on random social networking pages, ads, search engine links out of curiosity. It might be source Ransomware is using to access your system.
Update your Browser and use Pop-up Blocker
Whichever browser you are using whether Chrome, Firefox, Safari or Internet Explorer make sure you keep your browser updated. Old version browsers are more prone to malware than the new version. Also, enable the pop-up blockers from the browser settings to prevent malware ads.
Whenever you receive an email attachment, make a point to scan its file extension first instead of opening it directly. Right click on the extension part and click on the scan option to detect malware.
The above-mentioned steps are a guide to protect your PC from dangerous Ransomware. It is also recommended that you regularly or weekly backup your files and data for safety.